70 public dwellings in huesca
70 VIVIENDAS PROTEGIDAS DE ARAGÓN
_Situación: Avenida Martínez de Velasco 22, Huesca. España.
_Autores: ACHA ZABALLA ARQUITECTOS
Cristina Acha Odriozola (1974)
Miguel Zaballa Llano (1976)
_Colaboradores: Xabier Murillo y Miriam Morcillo arquitectos(pfc) y Jon Rekalde aparejador en redacción de proyecto de ejecución; consultor de instalaciones Aialme Ingenieros; consultor de estructuras Minteguia Bilbao arquitectos
_Promotor: SVA Suelo y Vivienda de Aragón S.L.U.
_Constructor: Bruesa Construcción S.A. (cimentación) Ferrovial Agromán S.A.(resto de obra)
_Arquitecto Técnico: Manuel Omiste Buendía y José Luis Marín Modrego
_P.E.M. total: 4.167.920,07€
_Coste/ m²: 422,45 €/m²
_Superficie: construida total 9.865,91 m²
[bajo rasante 1.720,55 m² / sobre rasante 8.145,36 m²]
The building of 70 public dwellings is located in a place of urban transition. With front facade towards the wide avenue of Martinez de Velasco, flanked by humble dwellings of the 60s, it is facing an industrial complex on the opposite facade. Though this warehouses are out of urban regulation, and it’s dismantling will let the development of new green and residential areas, at the time of the construction of our building they are devoted to live neighbourly.
The objectives are predictable in a public promotion: exhausting of buildable surface, cost containment, constructive rationality, consideration of low maintenance. With these premises the building volume in the large avenue is defined with a distinct character and an emphatic image, for what we project a compact unit with cantilevered proportion as far as urban regulation rules and functionality allow.
The facade consists of three components:
>The block. Defined by the interior alignment, colored plaster and striped texture.
>The brick sheet. Extended on the cantilevers, slightly folded cladding, drilled by repetitive holes, staggered cut in the perimeter, with emphasis on his character of unfolded and hung clad.
>The latticework. Permeable elements on the plinth closure and protection of sills and balconies, interweaving the two. Braided weaves along the cantilever free borders.
The constructive and image definition is solved by traditional elements, without renouncing the benefit in favour of energy efficiency being maximized: hanged cladding with its contribution of additional insulation, cantilever protectors against basking, permeable lattices in lower floors providing natural ventilation to common elements.
The distribution of housing types, proposed as compact as possible, gives them cross ventilation through opposite walls (outer alignment – interior yard). The wet rooms are grouped together to achieve a rational distribution facilities.
The dwellings are grouped into two cores with four and five apartments per floor.
The entrances are located on the avenue, marked in the case of portals by the withdrawal of the lattice, making up the access hallways. The constructive definition crawls inside and configures these transitional spaces between outside and inside.
One day soon, all dwellings will enjoy a direct bearing with open wooded areas. Until that day arrives, the building, simple and burly, has been integrated into the avenue and gives face, in a plainspoken dialogue with existing industrial facilities, towards a new urban regeneration area of Huesca.